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Gary McLellan

Craps is a popular dice game typically played in casinos, as well as in informal settings. The excitement around the craps table is often palpable, with players cheering on the shooter rolling the dice.

A fundamental aspect of the game is understanding craps odds, which are the probabilities of rolling certain numbers and the payouts associated with those rolls.

These odds are crucial for players who want to make informed bets and maximize their chances of winning.

The game of craps offers a plethora of betting options, each with different odds and house advantages. Betting on the pass line, for instance, is one of the most common wagers.

This bet is made before the ‘come out roll’ and pays even money when the shooter rolls a 7 or 11; however, it loses if a 2, 3, or 12 is rolled. Knowing the chances of each number coming up and the corresponding potential payout is essential for strategic betting.

Moreover, beyond the basic pass-line bet, there are numerous other wagers, such as place bets, proposition bets, and lay bets, each with unique odds.

Seasoned players are aware that some bets offer more favorable odds than others, thus they tend to avoid those with a high house edge in favor of bets that increase their long-term prospects of winning.

Understanding the odds of craps can turn an often random-seeming game into one of calculated risk and reward.


Craps is a popular dice game typically played in casinos and different crypto casinos as well as informal settings. It involves players betting on the outcomes of the roll, or a series of rolls, of a pair of dice.

The Basics:

  • Players: Can range from one to multiple players.
  • Equipment: Two six-sided dice, a specially designed table.
  • The Shooter: The player who rolls the dice.
  • The Bets: Various types with differing odds.

In terms of play, the shooter begins by rolling the dice off the opposite wall of the table. The initial roll, called the “come-out roll,” determines much of the course of the game for the shooter’s turn. If the come-out roll is 7 or 11, this is a “natural,” and those betting on the “pass line” win. If the roll is 2, 3, or 12, known as “craps,” pass line bettors lose.

Key Rolls:

  • Natural: 7 or 11 on come-out roll.
  • Craps: 2, 3, or 12 on come-out roll.

Players may bet on numerous outcomes. The “pass line” and “don’t pass line” bets are the fundamental wagers in craps. There are also “come” and “don’t come” bets analogous to pass and don’t pass bets, but they can be made at any time, and not just at the start of a new turn.

Common Bets:

  • Pass Line
  • Don’t Pass Line
  • Come
  • Don’t Come

The game’s complexity arises from the variety of possible bets and odds. Understanding these odds is key to playing the game well and is crucial for anyone looking to become a serious player.


In this section, we assess both the qualitative and quantitative aspects of craps odds to offer a comprehensive understanding of the game’s probabilities.

Qualitative Analysis

A qualitative approach involves examining the various factors affecting craps odds without relying on numerical data.

It encompasses considerations such as the types of bets (e.g., pass line, don’t pass, come bets), each with its own odds, and the influence of betting strategies on player behavior. The significance of table etiquette and the psychological impact of winning and losing streaks are also explored, as they can affect betting decisions.

Quantitative Assessment

The quantitative analysis concentrates on the numerical probabilities of the game. Craps odds are presented in terms of ratios or percentages, revealing the likelihood of rolling certain numbers.

Bet Type True Odds Payout House Edge (%)
Pass Line 251:244 1:1 1.41
Don’t Pass 976:949 1:1 1.36
Come 251:244 1:1 1.41
Don’t Come 976:949 1:1 1.36
Pass Line Odds Variable Variable 0
Don’t Pass Odds Variable Variable 0
Place 6 and 8 6:5 7:6 1.52
Place 5 and 9 3:2 7:5 4.00
Place 4 and 10 2:1 9:5 6.67

Source: Based on standard casino craps rules

The table above highlights the house edge, which illustrates the casino’s average profit over time for each bet type. The analysis of these numerical indicators helps players understand the expected value of their bets and informs better betting strategies.


In the realm of craps, a player’s success hinges on understanding the odds of rolling specific combinations with two dice.

Initial Findings

Casino craps offers numerous bets, each with distinct odds. The initial findings focus on the probabilities tied to the most common outcomes. The table below encapsulates these odds, with the numbers representing the chance of rolling a particular sum considering all possible dice combinations.

Sum Probability
2 2.78%
3 5.56%
4 8.33%
5 11.11%
6 13.89%
7 16.67%
8 13.89%
9 11.11%
10 8.33%
11 5.56%
12 2.78%

The pass line bet, a fundamental wager in craps, stands on a 7 or 11 being rolled on the come-out, with odds at 16.67% and 8.33%, respectively. Conversely, a roll of 2, 3, or 12—a scenario called “crapping out”—has a combined probability of 11.11%.

Also noteworthy is the ‘point’ phase of the game, which depends on hitting the established point before rolling a 7—the most probable outcome. The chance of rolling a 7 pre-empts every other possible roll, setting the stage for the game’s high-risk but equally high-reward nature.


Craps is a game of chance, yet understanding the odds is vital for informed betting strategies. The probability of rolling a particular number and the house edge on different bets affect the potential outcomes significantly.


The pass line bet, a fundamental wager in craps, has a house edge of 1.41%. This bet is advantageous because it offers a nearly 50-50 chance of doubling the bet placed.

Table 1 shows the odds for rolling a seven, which is the most probable single roll outcome, contrasted with the less likely roll of a two (snake eyes).

Roll Probability Implication
7 (Seven) 16.67% Most likely to occur
2 (Snake Eyes) 2.78% Least likely to occur

Players should realize that while certain bets, like the ‘pass’ and ‘come’ bets, provide a lower house edge, other wagers such as ‘any 7’ carry a significantly higher house edge of around 16.67%.

A strategic player often avoids such high-edge bets, despite their potential for substantial payouts.


Unpredictability is inherent to craps, and no strategy can overcome the built-in house advantage.

Players need to understand that while bets like the ‘odds’ bet, which is an additional bet made after a point is established, carry no house edge, it must be made in conjunction with another wager that does have a built-in disadvantage. Thus, the overall expectation is still a loss in the long term.

Moreover, while the Combined House Edge can be reduced by taking or laying maximum odds, most casinos limit the maximum odds players can take. This cap on odds means that the strategic reduction of the effective house edge is also limited.

Example of Odds Bet Limitation:

  • Pass Line Bet House Edge: 1.41%
  • Maximum Odds Bet (3-4-5 Times):
    • 3x for 4 and 10
    • 4x for 5 and 9
    • 5x for 6 and 8

The player’s lack of control over the dice and the randomness of each roll ultimately govern the outcome. Therefore, while understanding craps odds can inform strategy, it cannot guarantee consistent wins.


Understanding the odds in craps is essential for any player hoping to increase their chances of winning either live or at Bitcoin craps casino. The game has a variety of bets, each with its own odds and house advantage.

The pass line and come bets offer safer betting options with a lower house edge, typically around 1.41%. On the other hand, the don’t pass and don’t come bets are also favorable, with an even lower house edge of approximately 1.36%.

Players often get attracted to the potential high payouts from single-roll bets or proposition bets, but they come with significantly higher house advantages, sometimes reaching well above 10%. Savvy players will focus on bets with lower house edges to maximize their long-term potential.

Table 1: Craps Bet Odds and House Advantage

Bet Type House Edge Payout
Pass Line/Come 1.41% 1:1
Don’t Pass/Don’t Come 1.36% 1:1
Single Roll 5% – 16% varied
Proposition Bets 11%+ varied

In craps, some strategies can be employed, like betting on the come line after a point has been established, to further align the odds in a player’s favor.

Additionally, taking or laying odds bets behind the pass and don’t pass lines can reduce the overall house edge on their combined wagers.

Players need to remember that no strategy can guarantee consistent wins, as craps is a game of chance. However, knowledge of the game’s odds and smart betting can improve a player’s experiences and outcomes.

Gary McLellan

Gary McLellan has been involved in the gambling sector for years after studying Journalism in Glasgow. Starting out with running a poker blog over 10 years ago, he has since worked with many betting publications, focusing on crypto-related sites more recently due to their growing popularity. Gary brings his expertise on gambling to BitcoinCasinos.com since 2022 after successfully overseeing the launch of several sports betting sites including legalsportsbooks.com.